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Sheffield Farmers' Market
start:25th May 2008
The Sheffield Farmers' market is held on one Sunday every month on the Barkers Pool area (outside John Lewis & Sheffield City Hall) of Sheffield City Centre from 10am until 4pm.

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Jo's Electrical
We sell electrical hardware and accessories.

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Sheffield Castle - De Furnival

In 1199 Richard the Lionheart granted permission for Maud's marriage to Gerard de Furnival. Richard died later that same year, and de Furnival appears to have been a keen supporter of the new King, John. Tradition says that he entertained the King in Sheffield about 1215.

Sheffield Castle
Artists Impression of Sheffield Castle: From a drawing by Martin Davenport. Reproduced by Courtesy of Sheffield Newspapers

Gerard died in Jerusalem around 1219 fighting in the Crusades. His son, the first Thomas Lord Furnival, also died in battle in Palestine. The lordship then passed to his son, also named Thomas.

In 1266 the wooden castle and much of the town was destroyed by John de Eyvill's forces - supporters of the Simon de Montfort rebellion against Henry III - in retaliation for Thomas support for the king. According to A L Armstrong's report of his survey of the castle remains during 1927-1930, archaeological evidence of this event was found "in the form of a layer, from 4 to 8 inches in thickness, composed of charcoal and wood ash combined in places with calcined rubble".

In 1270 Thomas was granted permission by Henry III to rebuild the castle in stone. This stone castle formed the nucleus of the structure which survived until the 17th century.

Thomas died shortly after completion of the castle and was buried in the chapel. It is said that when the castle was demolished, after the civil was, a large flat stone was found, inscribed with the following;

"I Lord Furnival, I built this castle Hall, And under this wall, Within this tomb was my burial"

He was succeeded by his son, the third Thomas Lord Furnival, to whom much of the development of Sheffield can be credited.

In 1296 he obtained a charter from Edward L under the Great Seal of England, for a market to be held on the Tuesday of each week and a fair to be held once each year.

The following year (1297) he himself granted a charter giving the people of Sheffield a degree of self-government.

Thomas De Furnival's Charter
Thomas De Furnival's Charter of 1297: Sheffield Archives

This charter granted the free tenants the freehold property they occupied, in return for a payment of 3-8s91/4d of silver a year. It also gave the tenants certain privileges, such as an exemption from all "exaction and demand of toll" and the right to be "fined by their peers" "for any trespass in my said court". This charter effectively created the Burgers of Sheffield, the forerunner of the Town Trustees. It should be noted, however, that the wording of the charter implies that these free tenants or burgers were already in existence and that Thomas was simply formally recognising their status.

A note from the Town Trustees minute book for 1827 shows how important the charter remained. "Resolved that Mr Wheat be directed to have a clause inserted in the proposed new Market Act exempting the Freeholders of the town from payment of toll to the Lord of the Manor, as in the case of the last Market Act, and from which they are exempt from Lord Furnival's grant. Signed by Bromnwell, Fenton, Ward, Battie, Fisher, Pearson".

On Thomas' death in 1332 the extent of lands, including the manor and castle, was recorded as being worth 343-13s-93/4d. but the castle was strangely, referred to as "frail and is worth naught yearly".

The last Thomas de Furnival (the fifth of the name) died childless and was succeeded by his brother William, at whose death in 1383 the male line of the de Furnivals ended.

William's only daughter, Joan, married Sir Thomas de Nevill. Their only daughter Maud, married John Talbot and on her father's death, they inherited the whole of the de Furnival estate. In this way the castle and property in Sheffield passed to the Earls of Shrewsbury.

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